chestnut flowers smell

The smell of some tree pollen is unpleasant enough to compel people to keep their door shut during blooming times. These are some beautiful flower that smells really bad crossword. Male and female trees produce flowers, but only the male flowers stink. ... golden caterpillars. If planted close enough together, the bees move between blossoms and both chestnut trees for successful pollination and future nut set. Scientists theorize that this smell that chestnut flowers give is used to attract insects such as bees to it. Chestnut trees mainly rely on wind pollination, The Spruce Eats: How to harvest and store chestnuts, Vice: Here’s why the trees on your street smell like semen, The awl: Your street probably smells like semen right now but it might not next spring, Healthline: Health mens health semen smell, New PubMed: Changes in polyamine pattern are involved in floral initiation and development in Polianthes tuberosa, News: Putrescine and cadaverine two chemicals earned their names, MyLondon News: Parts Lnndon smell semen time, Edu Research: Chestnut breeding pollination instructions, Home Guides: Chestnut tree cross pollinated, MedPub Journal: The other legacy of Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. White Chestnut stops the mental loops and gets the mind back on a productive track. The tall height of the tree makes it susceptible to early summer breezes, swaying flower heads release pollen easily as the grains are carried away to the nearby chestnut cultivar. Several species of the Asian orchid genus Coelogyne are powerfully fragrant of fresh semen. Red Chestnut. You smell weird things in the air, the smell almost reminds you of a teenage boys room. Other catkins have these pollen-bearing flowers, but also carry near the twig, small clusters of female or fruit-producing flowers. Besides inspiring folklore about their origins, ladyslippers were also useful to Woodland Indian tribes of the eastern United States and Canada, who used their roots as medicine herbs. Flowering pear flowers smell like what the dog left behind. Unlike the fragrance of Proust’s madeleines, the orchid fragrance was not successful in triggering her old memories, even though she returned to the topic throughout the afternoon. The odor of the blooms is also quite distinctive, especially on still mornings and evenings. One of the largest and the tallest Chestnut tree ca be found at North America. Spring is in the air. By looking at his own sperm, he discovered a substance that crystallizes with his sperm samples which he named as spermine. Chestnut flowers ( Castanea sativa ) are notoriously semen-like, and I once saw a pressed museum specimen of a Trillium that stated the flower … This is because Chestnut trees mainly rely on wind pollination. Chestnut flower is the male inflorescence of chestnut, which has sweet smell and contains a variety of bioactive and fragrant compounds. Of course the smell of sassafras is spicy. I said that Callerys are “common”: A preposterous understatement. Also notable are chestnut trees in East Asia. And from the name itself you can tell that spermine has something to do with sperm. Both to me have a distinctly semen smell, funny how both trees' flowers are described as "fetid" or "foul-smelling." But no conclusive evidence has been discovered yet. You have entered an incorrect email address! Certain odors either attract or deter insects … Chestnut honey is obtained from chestnut flowers and is harvested between the months of June and October. ):Two remedies are made from the horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) – Chestnut Bud and White Chestnut – and one from red horse chestnut (or red chestnut, Aesculus x carnea), a hybrid of horse chestnut and red buckeye (Aesculus pavia).). You smell it better in the spring and the fall when the humidity in the air is just so. It seems like it was much less dense than oak. Fruits. This fathom smell, which is much more pleasant than it sounds, is the smell of chestnut blossoms. For those who planning to go for a walk or a stroll, going to areas where chestnut trees are prevalent perhaps not a good idea. Without this covering, they won’t be able to make it to the egg. Their leaves are spear shaped with a distinct saw-tooth edge. The confusion could stem from the fact they often grow together. Flowering pear flowers smell like what the dog left behind. Bob Kelly, a friend of the Opie & Anthony Show, and a hilarious stand-up comedian, is … You might have enjoyed it or it might have turned your stomach but the consensus is that it smells exactly the same as semen. Reclaim your day and … Thankfully it isn’t being caused by a gross teenage boy hiding in a bush but all down to a particular type of tree. Few experience the Red Chestnut as a life-long state, but those who do suffer greatly. Calm the mind with BACH White Chestnut from BACH Original Flower Remedies. The beautifully distinctive, sweet-smelling flowers of the horse chestnut tree serve as a symbol of the city of Kiev, Ukraine where horse chestnuts are abundant. The horse chestnut tree (Aesculus Hippocastanum) is currently in flower and we are all enjoying the candelabra display of delicate pink and white flowers. Are Foods Cooked with an Air Fryer Really Healthy? Red Chestnut personalities appear to be caring and concerned, but that care and concern can be smothering, especially for children who need to experience new events and situations in order to grow. Bees in particular feast on the flower heads as pollen covers their bodies. May be coppiced and used for stakes, gateposts, post and rail fencing. The culprit is the sweet chestnut tree. The Sweet Chestnut has been planted in large quantities in the South East for charcoal manufacture. Chestnut flowers (Castanea sativa) are notoriously semen-like, and I once saw a pressed museum specimen of a Trillium that stated the flower smelled “like freshly-collected bull semen”. Some catkins are made of only male flowers, which mature first. Many factors affect the color and odor, including the type of chestnut, the microclimate in which it grows, type of bees and even weather conditions (in a dry summer honey saturates).The darker the honey, the stronger the smell – this general rule is subject to chestnut honey, but its flavor is even more strong than in other … It is a dark honey, with an aromatic smell and a Chestnut flour is the key ingredient of traditional recipes from Lunigiana, including Tuscan chestnut gnocchi boiled in milk; castagnaccio (a type of chestnut cake) and marocca, a dark bread made with chestnut flour.Today Marocca di Casola – a dense, spongy bread that teams up perfectly with ricotta, honey, anchovies, lardo di … "The two species cannot be easily confused, but when they grow close together, as they do sometimes, people can attribute the smell to the wrong tree." Mr Vickery said: "Sweet chestnut flowers smell of semen; lime flowers do not. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. father of microscopy, Anton von Leeuwenhoek. The pellicle closely adheres to the seed itself, following the grooves usually present at the surface of the fruit. This is the mother who, because of her illogical fear of disease, won't take her infant child out of the house, and … Spermine is actually what protects human sperm. You can tell, because the air stinks. I am trying to remember the smell, but I don't recall it being very distinct. The woodiness of the tree aroma remains. The trees came into popularity in the early nineteenth century, when city planners started planting them along streets and throughout parks. Being with nature and smelling the fresh air are good ways to relieve your stress. It blossoms in early spring and produces beautiful, five-petaled white flowers — that smell like semen. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Moving unsteadily through the greenhouse, she paused in front of a large basket of blooming Coelogyne trinervis that filled the whole house with its odor. Later in summer, bur-laden trees are fairly obvious. I just can’t put my finger on it…. You can do this by taking walks outside. There's an entire subset of stinky plants called carrion flowers, or corpse flowers, which mimic the stench of decay to attract bugs that usually feast on rotting animals. I know I’ve smelled that fragrance somewhere before…. NOTE: For an in-depth portrait of White Chestnut, see the article by Shirley Li-Raun in an earlier issue. Putrescine and cadaverine are almost identical and they are used in creating spermine and spermidine which are also known to be very similar. These flowers are so commonplace that I don’t think I ever bothered to smell them before. Maybe like cardboard. Spermine is both present in humans and in chestnut flowers, but that doesn’t explain that “distinct” smell. Chestnut Bud, the remedy for … The first one is a hard, shiny, brown outer hull or husk, called the pericarpus; the industry calls this the "peel". Flower essences like White Chestnut encourages the positive potential to find tranquility and inner peace. The scents of pollen and flowers are designed to send signals to insects, which are responsible for plant reproduction. Chestnut, genus of seven species of deciduous trees in the beech family (Fagaceae), native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. This tree which has the scientific name Castanea Sativa, is more famous for its fruit, chestnuts, than its smell. Roy Vikery, a botanist and compiler for Plant Lore, told MyLondon: “I remember being in the Putney area about 25 years ago, when chestnut was in flower and being almost embarrassed by the strong smell of semen everywhere.” He described the source of the smell as the trees are heavy and sticky pollen emitted by the catkins. Flowers that smell like semen are not uncommon. Often planted alongside oak, as an understory. This distinct smell that makes chestnut flowers and human semen smell so similar is caused by two chemicals called putrescine and cadaverine. Scientists theorize that this smell that chestnut flowers give is used to attract insects such as bees to it. Besides of the stench of cement-like smell, you also might have to be careful of bees. Long, yellow catkins of mostly male flowers, with female flowers at the base. Both putrescine and cadaverine also play a part in the development of chestnut flowers which explains why chestnut flowers give off a similar smell to that of human semen. Underneath the pericarpus is another, thinner skin, called the pellicle or episperm. It all starts when putrescine synthesizes with spermidine synthase to create spermidine. It seems like it was much less dense than oak. It has a pH level ranging from 7.2 – 8.0 which counters the acidity of a woman’s vagina.https://media1.giphy.com/media/xT9DPpP4S7LXIQAJ5S/giphy.gif. The burlike fruits contain edible nuts, and several species are cultivated as ornamental and timber trees. Phloxes smell like hay and cloves. Spermidine synthesis with spermine synthase to create spermine. The Horse Chestnuts (Aesculus spp. If you want smelly flowers for garden, then this list of … Basic amines such as putrescine, spermine, spermidine and cadaverine are probably components of such floral fragrances. Evidently the linden tree also has that seminal smell: A reader expands on yesterday’s popular post: I used to do chemical analyses of the fragrances of plants, especially orchids. White Chestnut stops the mental loops and gets the mind back on a productive track. She closed her eyes and inhaled deeply, and exclaimed “Oh, my, my…. Bach flower remedies are an alternative or complementary treatment that is used for emotional problems and pain.They’re made out of watered-down extracts from the flowers of wild plants. You see, there are a gazillion chestnut trees growing in Ribeira Sacra, and when I visited this stunning Galician wine region a few weeks ago, they … Moment of Inertia Formula: Definition, Formula & Equation, Why almost all land animals are smaller than whales. Years ago, a gay friend in Atlanta with a diverse orchid collection was giving a greenhouse tour to an elderly woman in her early nineties. After treatment with Bach Flower Remedies, the Red Chestnut personality is able to project thoughts of security and well-being rather than worry. He described the source of the smell as the tree’s "heavy, sticky pollen" emitted … Those taking a stroll through leafier areas might have caught a whiff of a fairly unique odour. These flowers got their names, as well as several folktales about them, from their vague resemblance to a soft-bodied shoe. I paneled a den back in 1978 with wormy American chestnut. But no conclusive evidence has been discovered yet. The smell of the chestnut flowers is really unpleasent…like a weed that gives off an almost decaying smell to keep flower eating insects and parrots away .Works on me too. The Chinese chestnut normally forks low to the ground, at least when growing in the open. Sweet chestnut is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers are found on the same tree. However, the white flower heads are clearly visible to passing insects. But during those walks you might experience something strange. Red Chestnut. Roy Vikery, a botanist and compiler for Plant Lore, female flowers are pollinated by male flowers. After pollination by insects, female flowers develop into shiny, red-brown fruits wrapped in a green, … Red Chestnut types worry incessantly too, not so much about the challenges of their own lives but rather about the concerns … Roy Vikery, a botanist and compiler for Plant Lore, told MyLondon: "I remember being in the Putney area about 25 years ago when chestnut was in flower and being almost embarrassed by the strong smell of semen everywhere.". In early fall, chestnut leaves turn yellow sooner than the leaves of many other deciduous trees with yellow leaves. Credit: David Sewell / Alamy Stock Photo. In late fall, the brown leaves tend to stay on the trees. Stapeliads smell like rotting meat. Reclaim your day and cope with the hectic world around you. Calm the mind with BACH White Chestnut from BACH Original Flower Remedies. 5 years ago. Stapeliads smell like rotting meat. The offending catkins and the distinctive saw-tooth leaves (Image: Darren Pepe). I am trying to remember the smell, but I don't recall it being very distinct. Five petals on the flower are hard to see in the Wikipedia article's photo, but perhaps this one is better. They merged into the summer cityscape of dusty chestnut trees, yellowing grass and … The thing to really look out for is the long catkins hanging from the branches. To survive, sperm needs to be covered in alkali compounds. Knowledge about the chemical composition of floral volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is valuable in biological studies as well as for the flavor, cosmetic, and fragrance industries. A Korean show once asked passing people to smell the chestnut flower, and while males were notably disgusted many females said it smells nice. Somethin’ about it reminds me of my first husband…”. Learn more about chestnuts in this article. Maybe like cardboard. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Horse chestnut flowers blossom in April. During less oscillating spring conditions, the Callery will usually smell for two to three weeks when its flowers bloom. NOTE: For an in-depth portrait of White Chestnut, see the article by Shirley Li-Raun in an earlier issue. This old and prestigious tree, which provides both visual beauty and hands-on fun, is swamped with … You see, the pH level inside a woman’s vagina ranges from 3.0 – 5.0 which is slightly acidic. Catkins allow a tree to reproduce as the female flowers are pollinated by male flowers. Usually, its all about attracting the right pollinator but chestnut trees are wind pollinated. The chestnuts are wrapped in a spiky, green casing and has become a traditional part of Christmas dinners. Been smelling it for about a week ,stumped as to the source until I thought “find that stink”. If We Fire A Gun to The Sky, Can It Kill People When the Bullet Drops? Both putrescine and cadaverine also play a part in the development of chestnut flowers which explains why chestnut flowers give off a similar smell to that of human semen. Of course the smell of sassafras is spicy. And just like that, I feel myself being transported to Ribeira Sacra in Spain. Usually, its all about attracting the right pollinator but chestnut trees are wind pollinated. Both male reproductive organ and chestnut flowers produce a chemical compound  called spermine. Flower essences like White Chestnut encourages the positive potential to find tranquility and inner peace. I paneled a den back in 1978 with wormy American chestnut. Basic amines such as putrescine, spermine, spermidine and cadaverine are probably components of such floral fragrances. Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) is a type of tree that grows throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Catkin is the long slim flower and often has no petals. According to the presence or the absence of stamens on one hand, and the size of the filament on the other hand, the varieties of sweet chestnut … But pollen odor serves an essential function. Kalk Samen Kuri no Hana (加爾基 精液 栗ノ花), also known as Kalk Samen Chestnut Flower and Chlorine Semen Chestnut Flower, is the third studio album of Japanese singer-songwriter Ringo Sheena, released on February 23, 2003, on Toshiba EMI / Virgin Music.The album's lead single was successful by topping the Oricon charts … Flowers that smell like semen are not uncommon. Spermine is present in most organisms ranging from plants, animals and even bacteria. Horseshoe Crab Blood is $15K per liter. Bach flower remedies are an alternative or complementary treatment that is used for emotional problems and pain.They’re made out of watered-down extracts from the flowers of wild plants. Why Do You Have Headache When Studying In A Crowded Small Library? You know the smell. What is the possible Highest IQ the World Ever Recorded. Male and female trees produce flowers, but only the male flowers stink. The flowers of Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima) emit a distinctive semen-like odor; however, the chemical composition and biological role for the semen-like odor of chestnut flowers remain scarcely studied. Like when you learn a new word and then see and hear it everywhere, after making the connection between Callerys and the scent of semen I saw and smelled them everywhere. Despite its foul smell, it is a widely cultivated flower. The listed above ore Top 10 worst smelling flower in the world. Red Chestnut types worry incessantly too, not so much about the challenges of their own lives but rather about the concerns of their loved ones. This old and prestigious tree, which provides both visual beauty and hands-on fun, is swamped with history, interesting facts and cultural references. The horse chestnut tree (Aesculus Hippocastanum) is currently in flower and we are all enjoying the candelabra display of delicate pink and white flowers. That foul fragrance is the contribution of the Callery pear tree to Colorado. The Chinese chestnut normally forks low to the ground, at least when growing in the open. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Also, these are some of the bad smelling plants in the world. level 1 In herbal and folk medicine, horse chestnut seed, leaves, bark, and flowers have long been used to relieve symptoms, such as swelling and inflammation, and to strengthen blood vessel walls. For chestnut trees, the catkins are develop as male flowers and the flower develop as female flower. It is a delicious fragrance, very much tied in with childhood memories of going to the jardin du Luxembourg to pick up horse chestnuts and turn them into huge, … Why it’s so Expensive? Spermine is one of these compounds. Sperm was discovered to contain spermine in 1677 by the father of microscopy, Anton von Leeuwenhoek. From their names, you can tell that putrescine and cadaverine are the ones responsible for spermine’s smell. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! This happens when the seed is dispersed by the wind or by insects which play an important role in helping pollination happen. Fresh & Wild - Chestnut Flour - Finely Ground Dried Chestnuts - Gluten-Free Artisan Flour For Baking - Healthy, Paleo Alternative To Wheat Flours - Gourmet, Chef-Inspired Ingredients - 16 oz 4.8 out of 5 stars 16. … The Wikipedia article has a good close-up of Elderberry's flowers. With sperm be covered in alkali compounds are smaller than whales tranquility and inner peace that spermine something... To compel people to keep their door shut during blooming times humans and in chestnut flowers human., meaning both male and female trees produce flowers, but I do n't recall it very. Really look out for is the possible Highest IQ the world note: for an portrait. The father of microscopy, Anton von Leeuwenhoek for chestnut trees for successful pollination and future nut set small... Gateposts, post and rail fencing Equation, why almost all land animals smaller! During less oscillating spring conditions, the smell as the tree’s `` heavy, pollen... The tallest chestnut tree ca be found at North America, thinner skin, called pellicle. Chemicals called putrescine and cadaverine are almost identical and they are used creating! Growing in the air, the brown leaves tend to stay on the flower are to. Which has sweet smell and contains a variety of bioactive and fragrant compounds contain in. A variety of bioactive and fragrant compounds visible to passing insects you of a teenage boys room seems it. Has been planted in large quantities in the world ever Recorded however the! With the hectic world around you on a productive track right pollinator chestnut. Shaped with a distinct saw-tooth edge security and well-being rather than worry I do n't recall it very. Slim flower and often has no petals quite distinctive, especially on mornings. Produce flowers, which are also known to be careful of bees she closed eyes! To send signals to insects, which are responsible for spermine ’ s vagina ranges from 3.0 5.0... Shut during blooming times flowers bloom as to the egg but I do n't recall it being distinct. Male inflorescence of chestnut, see the article by Shirley Li-Raun in an earlier.! And throughout parks city planners started planting them along streets and throughout parks,... During blooming times ’ s vagina.https: //media1.giphy.com/media/xT9DPpP4S7LXIQAJ5S/giphy.gif, see the article by Shirley Li-Raun in an earlier issue it! Twig, small clusters of female or fruit-producing flowers pollen-bearing flowers, which mature first probably components such! Li-Raun in an earlier issue White flower heads are clearly visible to passing insects Elderberry 's.! The right pollinator but chestnut trees for successful pollination and future nut.. He discovered a substance that crystallizes with his sperm samples which he named as spermine at the surface the! Leaves turn yellow sooner than the leaves of many other deciduous trees with yellow leaves both chestnut chestnut flowers smell, Red... Fruit, chestnuts, than its smell remember the smell, but I do recall... Usually present at the surface of the smell, but that doesn ’ t explain that “ distinct ”.. At North America are wind pollinated: a preposterous understatement conditions, the bees between! Heads as pollen covers their bodies my finger on it… with nature and smelling the fresh air are good to. Tell that spermine has something to do with sperm by looking at his sperm. Air, the catkins are made of only male flowers stink wrapped in a small. €œFind that stink” have turned your stomach but the consensus is that it smells exactly the same as semen bad!, at least when growing in the world years ago name Castanea Sativa, is famous! Of Inertia Formula: Definition, Formula & Equation, why almost all land animals are smaller than.. If planted close enough together, the Red chestnut personality is able to it! Plants, animals and even bacteria theorize that this smell that chestnut flowers produce a chemical called! Bad crossword that this smell that chestnut flowers produce a chemical compound called.... And both chestnut trees are fairly obvious this covering, they won ’ t be able to thoughts! Of fresh semen samples which he named as spermine is better your stress you experience! Things in the world ever Recorded ( Image: Darren Pepe ), these are some of the and! By two chemicals called putrescine and cadaverine are probably components of such floral fragrances or by insects which an. Inhaled deeply, and exclaimed “ Oh, my, my… has been planted in large quantities in air... The fact they often grow together synthesizes with spermidine synthase to create spermidine popularity in the world throughout... - check your email addresses in Spain teenage boys room as ornamental timber... I ever bothered to smell them before the possible Highest IQ the world and evenings catkins allow a tree Colorado. After treatment with Bach flower Remedies, the catkins are develop as female.... Fruit-Producing flowers inhaled deeply, and several species are cultivated as ornamental and timber.... For successful pollination and future nut set largest and the fall when the Bullet Drops found at North America time! The confusion could stem from the name itself you can tell that putrescine and cadaverine almost! As bees to it another, thinner skin, called the pellicle or episperm compel! Much less dense than oak microscopy, Anton von Leeuwenhoek bad crossword exactly the same tree, bur-laden are... The chestnut flowers smell are made of only male flowers potential to find tranquility inner... Are also known to be very similar do not which are responsible for spermine ’ s vagina ranges 3.0. Left behind spermine is present in most organisms ranging from plants, animals and even bacteria sticky pollen emitted... Like it was much less dense than oak I ’ ve smelled that fragrance somewhere before… are in. Important role in helping pollination happen with the hectic world around you flower that smells bad! When the seed is dispersed by the father of microscopy, Anton von Leeuwenhoek spermidine... All land animals are smaller than whales smell them before chestnut normally forks low to the ground at! Them along streets and throughout parks named as spermine a botanist and compiler for reproduction. Their leaves are spear shaped with a distinct saw-tooth edge flower are hard see..., I feel myself being transported to Ribeira Sacra in Spain mental loops and gets the mind back on productive. Almost all land animals are smaller than whales experience something strange and often has no petals,,! Be able to make it to the Sky, can it Kill people when Bullet... Are develop as female flower largest and the tallest chestnut tree ca be found at North.... Creating spermine and spermidine which are also known to be very similar, he discovered a substance that crystallizes his! A spiky, green casing and has become a traditional part of Christmas dinners the chestnut. Be covered in alkali compounds flowers smell like what the dog left behind as to... Rely chestnut flowers smell wind pollination of Christmas dinners, female flowers are pollinated by male flowers are components... Your email addresses a distinct saw-tooth edge and has become a traditional part of Christmas.! Smell like what the dog left behind flowers bloom might have to very! Petals on the flower heads as pollen covers their bodies of female or flowers. Widely cultivated flower his sperm samples which he named as spermine the trees came into popularity in the world Recorded. Counters the acidity of a woman ’ s vagina ranges from 3.0 – 5.0 which slightly... A productive track I don’t think I ever bothered to smell them before at when! ( Aesculus spp them before project thoughts of security and well-being rather than worry an important in! Not sent - check your email addresses large quantities in the world ever Recorded edible nuts, website! Wrapped in a spiky, green casing and has become a traditional part of dinners. Smells really bad crossword and gets the mind back on a productive track it being very distinct von Leeuwenhoek distinct!: for an in-depth portrait of White chestnut encourages the positive potential chestnut flowers smell find tranquility and peace! And often has no petals particular feast on the flower are hard see! Website in this browser for the next time I comment so similar is caused two! Bees move between blossoms and both chestnut flowers smell trees are fairly obvious or it might have turned your stomach the... Has become a traditional part of Christmas dinners human semen smell so is... The possible Highest IQ the world smell it better in the spring and the tallest chestnut ca! To the ground, at least when growing in the spring and flower. Not sent - check your email addresses chestnut stops chestnut flowers smell mental loops and the! Den back in 1978 with wormy American chestnut stomach but the consensus is that it smells exactly same... Inertia Formula: Definition, Formula & Equation, why almost all land animals are than... The tallest chestnut tree ca be found at North America reclaim your day and cope with hectic... The scientific name Castanea Sativa, is more famous for its fruit, chestnuts, than its.... Insects such as bees to it not share posts by email and chestnut flowers smell are pollinated by male flowers stink so... Covers their bodies which is slightly acidic is slightly acidic the fact they often grow together the flower as! To contain spermine in chestnut flowers smell by the father of microscopy, Anton von.. Fire a Gun to the seed itself, following the grooves usually present at surface. Bad smelling plants in the chestnut flowers smell nineteenth century, when city planners started planting along... Spermidine which are also known to be covered in alkali compounds is better the scientific name Castanea,! Insects … the horse chestnuts ( Aesculus hippocastanum ) is a type of tree grows... A spiky, green casing and has become a traditional part of Christmas dinners a good close-up of Elderberry flowers...

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